As between Asiatrust and Bangkok Bank, the former has a better right over the subject Antipolo properties, it being the first to annotate its lien on the titles of the properties
It is evidently a well-settled and elementary principle that the rights of the first mortgage creditor or mortgagee over the mortgaged properties are superior to those of a subsequent attaching creditor and other junior mortgagees.
In this case, it is a fact that the REM was annotated on the titles of the subject Antipolo properties ahead of the writs of preliminary attachment issued in favor of Bangkok Bank. In fact, it was admitted by Bangkok Bank that it only knew of the existing mortgage that has already been annotated at the back of the subject titles when it sought the annotation of the writs of preliminary attachment. Therefore, as between Asiatrust as mortgage creditor and Bangkok Bank as attaching creditor, it is apparent that the former has a superior right over the latter.
Besides, “as between two persons who both stand to suffer loss, the possessor of the property should be preferred in that possession, the ownership having been transferred by delivery.” In this case, Asiatrust, being the entity with legal possession of the subject Antipolo properties, should be preferred in that possession. In addition, 12 of the titles in question have already been sold to 12 different persons, whose identities have not been introduced in the instant case and who have not been impleaded as parties. As these persons have been in legal possession of the said properties and are in good faith, their ownership and possession, should not be disturbed.